Apple’s new System on a chip M1

Apple has announced the M1, the most powerful chip ever made and the first chip designed specifically for the Mac.

The M1 is optimized for Mac systems where small size and power efficiency are critically important.

As a “system on a chip” (SoC), M1 combines numerous powerful technologies on a single chip, incorporating a unified memory architecture that dramatically increases performance and efficiency.

The M1 is the first personal computer chip created using state-of-the-art 5-nanometer process technology and packs a staggering 12 billion transistors, the most Apple has ever put on a chip.

It features the world’s fastest CPU core on low-power silicon, the world’s best CPU per watt, the world’s fastest integrated graphics card in a personal computer, and breakthrough machine learning performance thanks to the Apple Neural Engine. Manzana).

As a result, the M1 offers up to 3.5 times faster CPU performance speed, six times faster GPU performance, and up to fifteen times faster machine learning, all while allowing for battery life. up to twice as long as previous generation Macs.

With its dramatic increase in performance and efficiency, the M1 offers the biggest leap in Mac history.

The first System on a chip for Mac

Both Macs and PCs have traditionally used multiple chips for CPU, I / O, security, and more. Now with the M1, these technologies are combined into a single SoC, offering a new level of integration to deliver better performance and energy efficiency.

The M1 also includes a unified memory architecture that brings together high-bandwidth, low-latency memory into a unified set within a custom package.

This allows all SoC technologies to access the same data without having to copy it between different memory packages, increasing performance and efficiency.

World’s Best CPU Per Watt Performance

The M1 has an 8-core CPU made up of four high-performance cores and four high-efficiency cores. Each of the high-performance cores offers industry-leading performance in single-threaded job performance, while operating as efficiently as possible.

They are the world’s fastest CPU cores in low-power silicon, allowing photographers to edit high-resolution photos at full speed and developers to create apps almost three times faster than before. The four cores can be used together to get a giant boost in multi-threaded performance.

The four high-efficiency cores offer impressive performance while consuming one-tenth the power. By themselves, these four cores offer similar performance to the dual-core found in the current generation MacBook Air but consuming much less power.

They’re the most efficient way to use energy-efficient, everyday tasks like checking email or surfing the internet, while maintaining battery life like never before.

All eight cores can work together to deliver incredible computing power when needed, while maintaining the world’s best CPU-per-watt performance.

World’s fastest integrated graphics

M1 includes Apple’s most advanced GPU. It benefits from years of analysis of Mac applications, including both everyday applications and professional programs.

With industry leading performance and incredible efficiency, the GPU in M1 plays in its own league. With up to eight cores capable of running nearly 25,000 threads simultaneously, the GPU can handle extremely demanding tasks with ease, from playing multiple 4K videos to rendering complex 3D scenes.

With the ability to process up to 2.6 teraflops, the M1 has the fastest integrated graphics on a personal computer.

Machine learning at the speed of light, on the device itself

The M1 chip incorporates Apple’s Neural Engine into the Mac, greatly speeding up tasks that require machine learning (ML).

With the advanced 16-core architecture, capable of handling 11 trillion operations per second, the M1’s Neural Engine enables 15 times faster machine learning performance. In fact, the entire M1 chip is designed to excel in machine learning, with ML accelerators in the CPU and the powerful GPU, so tasks like video analysis, speech recognition, and image processing are never at a level of performance. previously seen on the Mac.

More innovative technologies included in the M1

The M1 chip includes a series of proprietary technologies such as:

  • Apple’s latest Image Signal Processor (ISP) to deliver higher-quality video with better noise reduction, wider dynamic range, and improved white balance.
  • The latest Secure Enclave for industry leading security.
  • High-performance space controller with AES encryption hardware for faster and more secure SSD performance.
  • High-power, low-power encoding and decoding engines to improve performance and increase battery life.
  • An Apple-designed Thunderbolt controller with USB 4 support, transfer speeds of up to 40 Gbps, and support for more peripherals than ever.

macOS Big Sur optimized for M1

macOS Big Sur has been overhauled to the core to take full advantage of the full capabilities and power of the M1 chip, delivering a massive performance improvement, astonishing battery life, and even better security.

With the M1, the things that users do every day are faster and smoother. Like the iPhone or iPad, the Mac now wakes up instantly from sleep. Browsing with Safari – already the world’s fastest browser – is now 1.5 times faster with JavaScript and almost twice as fast in response.

With Big Sur and the M1, Mac users can use an even greater range of applications. All software for the Mac is already universal binary and works natively on systems with the M1 chip.

Existing Mac applications that have not been upgraded to universal binary will work seamlessly thanks to Apple’s Rosetta 2 technology. And the iPhone or iPad apps can be used directly on the Mac.

Additionally, Big Sur technologies have been optimized to harness the power of the M1, including development technologies such as Metal for graphics and Core ML for machine learning.

The M1 begins a two-year transition to the Mac

M1 is inside the new MacBook Air, 13-inch MacBook Pro, and Mac mini. A transition begins to a new family of chips designed specifically for the Mac. The transition to Apple’s own architecture will take about two years to complete.